History of Fiat and Paper Money Failures

The Fate of Paper Money

“Paper money eventually returns to its intrinsic value – zero.” (Voltaire, 1694-1778 )

By Mike Hewitt

The first well-known widespread use of paper money was in China during the Tang (618-907 A.D.) dynasty around 800 A.D. Paper money spread to the city of Tabriz, Persia in 1294 and to parts of India and Japan between 1319 to 1331. However, its use was very short-lived in these regions. In Persia, the merchants refused to recognize the new money, thus bringing trade to a standstill. By 1455, after over 600 years, the Chinese abandoned paper money due to numerous problems of over issuance and hyperinflation.

Kuan Note

Figure 1. This Kuan note is the oldest known banknote in the world. It was made in China circa 1380.

Paper money did not arrive in Europe till 1633 with the earliest known English goldsmith certificates being used not only as receipts for reclaiming deposits but also as evidence of ability to pay.

In 1656, the Bank of Sweden is founded with a charter that authorizes it to accept deposits, grant loans and mortgages, and issue bills of credit.

By 1660, the English Goldsmiths’ receipts became a convenient alternative to handling coins or bullion. The realisation by goldsmiths that borrowers would find them just as convenient as depositors marks the start of the use of banknotes in England.

In 1661, the Bank of Sweden becomes first chartered bank in Europe to issues notes known as the paper daler.

Paper Daler

Figure 2. A 50-Daler note from the Bank of Sweden issued in 1666.

At present there are 177 currencies being used in the world. Below is a list containing all currencies currently in circulation. Not all currencies are widely used and accepted, such as the various banknotes of the pound sterling.

Currency Name (Currency Code) Inception Duration
Venezuela Bolivar Fuerte 2008 7 mos.
Sudanese Pound (SDG) 2007 1
Turkish New Lira (TRY) 2005 3
Suriname Dollar (SRD) 2004 4
Afghanistan Afghani (AFN) 2002 6
Yugoslav Noviy (Super) Dinar (SCD) 2002 6
Transnistrian New Ruble (PDN) 2001 7
Belarus Newer Ruble (BYR) 2000 8
Tajikistan Somoni (TJS) 2000 8
Angola Kwanza (new) (AOA) 1999 9
Bulgarian New Lev (BGN) 1999 9
Euro (EUR) 1999 9
Russian Federation New Ruble (RUB) 1999 9
Congolese Franc (CDF) 1998 10
Eritrean Nakfa (ERN) 1997 11
Ukraine Hryvnia (UAH) 1996 12
Bosnia Convertible Mark (BAM) 1995 13
Georgia Larit (GEL) 1995 13
Polish New Zloty (PLN) 1995 13
Serbian Dinar (RSD) 1994 14
Brazil Real (BRL) 1994 14
Croatian Kuna (HRK) 1994 14
Cuba “Peso Convertible” (CUC) 1994 14
Yugoslav Noviy (Super) Dinar (YUM) 1994 14
Somaliland Shilling (SQS) 1994 14
Uzbekistan Sum (UZS) 1994 14
Armenian Dram (AMD) 1993 15
Azerbaijan Manat (AZM) 1993 15
Colombia Peso (COP) 1993 15
Czech Koruna (CZK) 1993 15
Kazakhstan Tenge (KZT) 1993 15
Kyrgyzstan Som (KGS) 1993 15
Latvia Lat (LVL) 1993 15
Lithuania Lita (LTL) 1993 15
Macedonian New Denar (MKD) 1993 15
Mexico New Peso (MXN) 1993 15
Moldovan Leu (MDL) 1993 15
Myanmark Dollar Foreign Exchange Certificates (MMX) 1993 15
Namibia Dollar (NAD) 1993 15
Turkmenistan Manat (TMM) 1993 15
Uruguay Peso Uruguayo (UYU) 1993 15
Argentina Peso Convertible (ARS) 1992 16
Estonia Kroon (EEK) 1992 16
Slovak Koruna (SKK) 1992 16
Slovenia Tolar (SIT) 1992 16
Nicaragua Cordoba Oro (NIO) 1991 17
Peru Sol Nuevo (PEN) 1991 17
Yemeni Rial (YER) 1990 18
Myanmar Kyat (MMK) 1989 19
Bolivian Boliviano (New) (BOB) 1987 21
Cook Islands Dollar (CKD)* 1987 21
Uganda New Shilling (UGX) 1987 21
Aruba Guilder (AWG) 1986 22
New Franc Guineen (GNF) 1986 22
Israel New Shekel (ILS) 1985 23
Viet Nam Dong (VND) 1985 23
Madagascar Ariary (MGA) 1983 25
Iceland Krona (ISK) 1981 27
Maldive Islands Rufiyaa (MVR) 1981 27
Vanuatu Vatu (VUV) 1981 27
Mozambique Metical (MZM) 1980 28
Cambodia New Riel (KHR) 1980 28
Lesotho (Ma)Loti (LSL) 1980 28
Zimbabwe Dollar (ZWD) 1980 28
Ghana New Cedi (GHC) 1979 29
Laos New Kip (LAK) 1979 29
Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR) 1978 30
Djibouti Franc (DJF) 1977 31
Sao Tome and Principe Dobra (STD) 1977 31
Solomon Islands Dollar (SBD) 1977 31
Botswana Pula (BWP) 1976 32
Ethiopian Birr (ETB) 1976 32
Chilean Peso (CLP) 1975 33
Comoros Franc (KMF) 1975 33
Papua New Guinea Kina (PGK) 1975 33
Belize Dollar (BZD) 1974 34
Bhutan Ngultrum (BTN) 1974 34
Somali Shilin Soomaali (SOS) 1974 34
Swaziland Lilangeni (SZL) 1974 34
Barbados Dollar (BBD) 1973 35
Mauritania Ouguiya (MRO) 1973 35
Nigerian Naira (NGN) 1973 35
Qatari Rial (QAR) 1973 35
United Arab Emirates Dirham (AED) 1973 35
Bangladesh Taka (BDT) 1972 36
Rial Omani (OMR) 1972 36
Cayman Islands Dollar (KYD) 1971 37
Gambia Dalasi (GMD) 1971 37
Northern Irish Pound (IBP) 1971 37
Libyan Dinar (LYD) 1971 37
Malawi Kwacha (MWK) 1971 37
Scotland Pound (SSP) 1971 37
Bermudan Dollar (BMD) 1970 38
Fiji Dollar (FJD) 1969 39
Jamaica Dollar (JMD) 1969 39
Maltese Lira (MTL) 1968 40
Zambian Kwacha (ZMK) 1968 40
Brunei Dollar (BND) 1967 41
New Zealand Dollar (NZD) 1967 41
Western Samoa Ta’la (WST) 1967 41
Singapore Dollar (SGD) 1967 41
Australian Dollar (AUD) 1966 42
Bahamas Dollar (BSD) 1966 42
Kenyan Shilling (KES) 1966 42
Tanzania Shilling (TZS) 1966 42
Tonga Pa’anga (TOP) 1966 42
Albanian “Heavy” Lek (ALL) 1965 43
Bahraini Dinar (BHD) 1965 43
Indonesian Rupiah (IDR) 1965 43
Algerian Dinar (DZD) 1964 44
Burundi Franc (BIF) 1964 44
Rwanda Franc (RWF) 1964 44
Sierra Leone Leone (SLL) 1964 44
Malaysian Ringgit (MYR) 1963 45
South Korean Won (KRW) 1962 46
Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD) 1961 47
South African Rand (ZAR) 1961 47
Franc Metropolitan (XMF) 1960 48
Tunisian Dinar (TND) 1960 48
North Korea New Won (KPW) 1959 49
Moroccan Dirham (MAD) 1959 49
Tunisian Dinar (TND) 1958 50
French Polynesian CFP Franc (XPF) 1957 51
Chinese Renminbi Yuan (CNY) 1953 55
Romanian Leu (RON) 1952 56
Saudi Riyal (SAR) 1952 56
Jordan Dinar (JOD) 1950 58
Faeroe Islands Kronur (FOK) 1949 59
Taiwan New Dollar (TWD) 1949 59
Lebanese Pound (LBP) 1948 60
Pakistan Rupee (PKR) 1948 60
Syrian Pound (SYP) 1948 60
Dominican Republic Peso Oro (DOP) 1947 61
Hungary Forint (HUF) 1946 62
Liberian Dollar (LRD) 1944 64
Paraguay Guarani (PYG) 1943 65
West African CFA Franc (XOF) 1941 67
Central African CFA Franc (XAF) 1941 67
Mauritius Rupee (MUR) 1934 74
Nepalese Rupee (NPR) 1933 75
Iranian Rial (IRR) 1932 76
Iraqi Dinar (IQD) 1931 77
Thailand Baht (THB) 1928 80
Gibraltar Pound (GIP) 1713 81
Honduras Lempira (HNL) 1926 82
Guatemala Quetzal (GTQ) 1925 83
Liechtenstein Franc (LIF)* 1921 87
El Salvador Colon (SVC) 1919 89
Guyana Dollar (GYD) 1916 92
Mongolia Tugrik (MNT) 1915 93
Cape Verde Escudo (CVE) 1914 94
Cyprus Pound (CYP) 1914 94
Falkland Islands Pound (FKP) 1908 100
French Pacific Territories Franc (XPF) 1905 103
Norway Krone (NOK) 1905 103
Somali N-Shilling (SON) 1905 103
Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD) 1905 103
Panama Balboa (PAB) 1903 105
Macao Pataca (MOP) 1901 107
Saint Helena Pound (SHP) 1901 107
Seychelles Rupee (SCR) 1900 108
Philippine Piso (PHP) 1898 110
Costa Rican Colon (CRC) 1896 112
Hong Kong Dollar (HKD) 1895 113
Egyptian Pound (EGP) 1885 123
Danish Krone (DKK) 1873 135
Swedish Krona (SEK) 1873 135
Haiti Gourde (HTG) 1872 136
Japanese Yen (JPY) 1871 137
Cuban Peso (CUP) 1859 149
Canadian Dollar (CAD) 1858 150
Guernsey Pound Sterling (GGP) 1827 181
India Rupee (INR) 1823 185
Netherlands Antillan Guilder (ANG) 1821 187
Swiss Franc (CHF) 1799 209
US Dollar (USD) 1792 216
Pound Sterling (GBP) 1694 314

The median age for a live currency is 37 years and at least one, the Zimbabwe dollar, is in the throes of hyperinflation.

Excluding the early paper currencies of China up until the 15th century and the majority of paper currencies that existed in China until 1935, there are 609 currencies no longer in circulation. Of these, at least 153 were destroyed as a result of hyperinflation caused by over-issuance. The remainder were revalued, destroyed by military occupation/liberation, renamed for political reasons, or were converted to another currency. The median age for these currencies is only seventeen years.

Currency Name (Currency Code) Inception Demonetized Duration
(Years)
Destroyed by
Hyperinflation
DDR Kuponmark (DDK) 1948 1948 1 mo. Yes
Yugoslav 1994 Dinar (YUG) 1994 1994 1 mo. Yes
Hungarian Bilpengoe (HUB) 1946 1946 1.5 mos. Yes
German Gold Mark (DEG) 1923 1923 2 mos. Yes
Hungarian Adopengoe (HUA) 1946 1946 2 mos. Yes
Netherlands Rijksdaalder (NLX) 1904 1904 2.5 mos.  
Slovenia Laibach Lira (SIL) 1944 1944 2.5 mos.  
Hungarian Milpengoe (HUM) 1946 1946 3 mos. Yes
North Korean Won (KPO) 1959 1959 3 mos. Yes
Kazakhstan Ruble (KZR) 1993 1993 3 mos. Yes
Yugoslav October Dinar (YUO) 1993 1993 3 mos. Yes
Krajina (Serbian Republic) October Dinar (HRKO) 1993 1994 3 mos. Yes
Polish Zloty Lublin (PLL) 1944 1945 4 mos.  
Serbian Republic October Dinar (BASO) 1993 1994 4 mos.  
Hungarian Red Army Pengoe (HUR) 1945 1945 6 mos. Yes
Rupiah Kepulauan Riau (IDRR) 1963 1964 8.5 mos.  
Uzbekistan Coupon Sum (UZC) 1993 1994 8.5 mos. Yes
Japan Base Metal Kammon (JPK) 1904 1905 9 mos. Yes
Japan Silver Momme (JPM) 1904 1905 9 mos. Yes
Japan Gold Oban (JPO) 1904 1905 9 mos. Yes
Lithuania Talonas (LTT) 1992 1993 9 mos. Yes
Ukraine Karbovanetz (UAK) 1992 1993 11 mos. Yes
Transnistrian Ruble (PDR) 1994 1994 11 mos. Yes
French Franc (Assignats) (FRA) 1795 1796 1 Yes
French Franc (Mandats Territorial) (FRM) 1796 1797 1 Yes
Confederate States Reformed Dollar (CSAR) 1864 1865 1 Yes
German New Guinea Mark (PGM) 1914 1915 1  
German Southwest Africa Mark (NAP) 1914 1915 1  
Transcaucasian Ruble (ZKRR) 1917 1918 1  
Austrian Krone (ATK) 1918 1919 1  
North Russian Ruble (RUNR) 1919 1920 1  
East Africa Florin (XEAF) 1920 1922 1  
Russian Ruble of 1922 (RUFR) 1922 1922 1 Yes
Soviet Ruble of 1923 (SUB) 1923 1924 1 Yes
Austrian Allied Military Schillings (ATM) 1944 1945 1  
Czechoslovak Red Army Korunu (CSR) 1944 1945 1  
Romanian Red Army Leu (ROR) 1944 1945 1 Yes
Azerbaijan Toman (IRZT) 1945 1946 1  
Sinkiang Gold Yuan (CNSG) 1948 1949 1  
Chinese Gold Chin Yuan (CNG) 1948 1949 1 Yes
Ghana Old Cedi (GHO) 1965 1967 1  
Brazil Cruzado Novo (BRN) 1989 1990 1 Yes
Slovenia Tolar Bons (SIB) 1991 1992 1  
Moldovan Ruble Kupon (MDR) 1991 1992 1 Yes
Moldovan Leu Cupon (MDC) 1992 1993 1  
Albanian Lek Valute (ALV) 1992 1993 1  
Serbian Republic Reformed Dinar (BASR) 1992 1993 1 Yes
Krajina (Serbian Republic) Reformed Dinar (HRKR) 1992 1993 1 Yes
Latvia Ruble (LVR) 1992 1993 1 Yes
Macedonian Denar (MKN) 1992 1993 1 Yes
Yugoslav Reformed Dinar (YUR) 1992 1993 1 Yes
Brazil Cruzeiro Real (BRR) 1993 1994 1 Yes
Maryland Red Shillings (CMDR) 1781 1783 2  
New Jersey New Shilling (CNJN) 1781 1783 2  
Vermont State Shilling (CVTS) 1781 1783 2  
Haiti New Paper Gourde (HTN) 1870 1872 2 Yes
Peru Inca (PER) 1880 1882 2  
Germany Darlenskasse Ost Ruble (DEOR) 1916 1918 2  
Armenian Ruble (AMR) 1918 1920 2  
Azerbaijan Republic Ruble (AZR) 1918 1920 2  
Khiva Tenga (KHVT) 1918 1920 2  
Soviet Armenian Ruble (AMSR) 1920 1922 2  
Soviet Azerbaijan Ruble (AZSR) 1920 1922 2  
Far Eastern Republic Ruble (DBRR) 1920 1922 2  
Soviet Transcaucasian Ruble (ZKSR) 1922 1924 2  
Spanish Nationalist Peseta (ESPN) 1936 1939 2  
Reichs Karbowanez (UAC) 1942 1944 2  
US “Hawaiian” Dollar (USDH) 1942 1944 2  
Italy American Military Lira (ITA) 1943 1945 2  
Italy British Military Lira (ITB) 1943 1945 2  
Italy “Badaglio” Lira (ITLB) 1943 1945 2  
Italy “Mussolini” Lira (ITLM) 1943 1945 2  
Korean Military Won (KROM) 1945 1947 2  
French Franc Nouveau (FRF) 1960 1962 2  
Biafran Pound (BIAP) 1968 1970 2  
Oman Rial Saidi (OMS) 1970 1972 2  
Argentina Peso Argentino (ARP) 1983 1985 2 Yes
Yugoslav Convertible Dinar (YUN) 1990 1992 2 Yes
Belarus Ruble (BYL) 1992 1994 2  
Bosnia Dinar (BAD) 1992 1994 2 Yes
Georgia Kupon Larit (GEK) 1993 1995 2 Yes
Krajina (Serbian Republic) 1994 Dinar (HRKG) 1994 1996 2 Yes
Maryland Black Shillings (CMDB) 1780 1783 3  
Confederate States Dollar (CSAD) 1861 1864 3  
Mexico “Inconvertible” Paper Peso (MXI) 1913 1916 3  
Georgian Ruble (GER) 1918 1921 3  
Danzig Mark (DZGM) 1920 1923 3  
Soviet Khiva Ruble (SUVT) 1920 1923 3  
Memel Mark (MMLM) 1920 1923 3  
Canton Dollar (CNDC) 1935 1938 3  
Netherlands Indies Gumpyo Gulden (IDDJ) 1941 1944 3 Yes
Romania Infinex Leu (ROI) 1941 1944 3 Yes
Philippine Guerilla Peso (PHG) 1942 1945 3  
Malaya Gumpyo Dollar (MYAG) 1942 1945 3 Yes
Netherlands Indies Gumpyo Roepiah (NIDR) 1943 1946 3  
Nationalist Manchurian Yuan (CNNY) 1945 1948 3  
Japanese Allied Yen (JPA) 1945 1948 3  
German Allied Mark (DEA) 1945 1948 3 Yes
German Sperrmark (DES) 1951 1954 3  
Portuguese India Escudo (INPE) 1959 1962 3  
Reunion Franc (REF) 1959 1962 3 Yes
Katanga Franc (KATF) 1960 1963 3  
Viet Nam South Dong (VNS) 1975 1978 3  
Laos Liberation Kip (LAL) 1976 1979 3 Yes
Brazil Cruzado (BRC) 1986 1989 3 Yes
Nicaragua Cordoba (NIC) 1988 1991 3 Yes
Brazil Cruzeiro (BRE) 1990 1993 3 Yes
Russian Ruble (RUR) 1991 1994 3  
Bosnia New Dinar (BAN) 1994 1997 3  
Alabama Confederate Dollar (CSALD) 1861 1865 4  
Arkansas Confederate Dollar (CSAKD) 1861 1865 4  
Florida Confederate Dollar (CSFLD) 1861 1865 4  
Georgia Confederate Dollar (CSGAD) 1861 1865 4  
Louisiana Confederate Dollar (CSLAD) 1861 1865 4  
Mississippi Confederate Dollar (CSMSD) 1861 1865 4  
North Carolina Confederate Dollar (CSNCD) 1861 1865 4  
South Carolina Confederate Dollar (CSSCD) 1861 1865 4  
Tennessee Confederate Dollar (CSTND) 1861 1865 4  
Texas Confederate Dollar (CSTXD) 1861 1865 4  
Spanish Escudo (ESE) 1864 1868 4  
Yugoslav Kronen (YUK) 1918 1922 4  
Ruble Sovnazki (RUFS) 1918 1922 4  
Latvia Ruble (LVB) 1918 1922 4 Yes
Russian Ruble Sovnazki (RUFS) 1918 1922 4 Yes
Soviet Bukhara Ruble (BKSR) 1920 1924 4  
Germany Behelfszahlungsmittel (XDEB) 1940 1944 4 Yes
Nanking/CRB Yuan (CNPN) 1941 1945 4  
Burmese Gumpyo Rupee (BUG) 1941 1945 4  
Croatian Kuna (HRC) 1941 1945 4  
Hong Kong Military Yen (HKG) 1941 1945 4  
Philippine Gumpyo Peso (PHJ) 1941 1945 4  
Japanese Military Yen (XJPM) 1941 1945 4 Yes
French Indochina Military Yen (ICFG) 1941 1945 4 Yes
Oceania Gumpyo Pound (XOGP) 1941 1945 4 Yes
Serbian Dinar (SRDD) 1941 1945 4 Yes
New Hebrides Franc (NHF) 1941 1945 4  
French Franc (Allied Military Provisional) (FRP) 1944 1948 4  
Djibouti CFA Franc (DJC) 1945 1949 4  
Indonesia Guerilla Rupiah (IDG) 1945 1949 4  
Taiwan Nationalist Yuan (TWN) 1945 1949 4 Yes
German Bekomark 1954 1958 4  
German Libkamark 1954 1958 4  
Ruanda-Urundi Franc (BRIF) 1960 1964 4  
Algerian New Franc (DZF) 1960 1964 4  
Zambian Pound (ZMP) 1964 1968 4  
Congolese Zaire (CDZ) 1967 1971 4  
Croatian Dinar (HRD) 1991 1995 4  
Tatarstan Shamil (RUTS) 1992 1996 4  
Ethiopian Birr (ETB) 1993 1997 4  
Afghanistan Dostumi Afghani (AFAD) 1998 2002 4 Yes
Afghanistan Rabbini Afghani (AFAR) 1998 2002 4 Yes
Greek Phoenix (GRP) 1828 1833 5  
South African Republic Pound (ZAPP) 1905 1910 5  
Serbian Dinar (SRBD) 1913 1918 5  
Southwest Africa Mark (NAM) 1915 1920 5  
Ukraine Grivna (UAG) 1917 1922 5  
Rif Republic Riffan (MARR) 1921 1926 5  
Italian East Africa Lira (AOIL) 1936 1941 5  
Polish Cracow Zloty (PLK) 1940 1945 5  
Slovak Koruna (SKO) 1940 1945 5  
Netherlands Indies Gumpyo Roepiah (IDDR) 1941 1946 5 Yes
Indonesia “Java” Rupiah (IDJ) 1945 1950 5  
Indonesia “Nica” Guilder (IDD) 1945 1950 5  
Romanian New Leu (RON) 1947 1952 5 Yes
Chinese Old Jen Min Piao Yuan (CNP) 1948 1953 5 Yes
Bahraini Dinar (AED) 1971 1976 5  
Israel Shekel (ILL) 1980 1985 5  
Zairean New Zaire (ZRN) 1993 1998 5 Yes
Angola Kwanza Reajustado (AOR) 1995 2000 5 Yes
Tajikistan Ruble (TJR) 1995 2000 5 Yes
French Livre (Assignats) (FRL) 1789 1795 6 Yes
West Indies Joe (GYJ) 1830 1836 6  
Fiume Krone (FIUK) 1918 1924 6  
Estonia Marka (EEM) 1918 1924 6 Yes
Bohemia and Moravia Koruna (CSM ) 1939 1945 6  
Japan Military Yen (CNPY) 1939 1945 6 Yes
Germany Reichskreditkassenscheine (XDEK) 1940 1946 6  
North Viet Nam Piastre Dong Viet (VDD ) 1953 1959 6 Yes
Rhodesian Pound (RHP) 1964 1970 6  
Peru Inti (PEI) 1985 1991 6 Yes
Transnistrian Kupon Ruble (PDK) 1994 2000 6 Yes
Connecticut Continental Shilling (CCTS) 1776 1783 7 Yes
Delaware Continental Shilling (CDES) 1776 1783 7 Yes
Maryland Continental Shilling (CMDS) 1776 1783 7 Yes
Massachusetts Continental Shilling (CMAS) 1776 1783 7 Yes
New Jersey Continental Shilling (CNJS) 1776 1783 7 Yes
New York Continental Shilling (CNYS) 1776 1783 7 Yes
North Carolina Continental Shilling (CNCS) 1776 1783 7 Yes
Pennsylvania Continental Shilling (CPAS) 1776 1783 7 Yes
Rhode Island Continental Shilling (CRHS) 1776 1783 7 Yes
South Carolina Continental Shilling (CSCS) 1776 1783 7 Yes
Virginia Continental Shilling (CVAS) 1776 1783 7 Yes
Georgia Continental Shilling (CGAS) 1776 1783 7  
New Hampshire Continental Shilling (CNHS) 1776 1783 7  
Hungarian Korona (HUK) 1918 1925 7 Yes
Viet Minh Piastre Dong Viet (VDP) 1946 1953 7  
Congolese Republic Franc (CDG) 1960 1967 7 Yes
Gambia Pound (GMP) 1964 1971 7  
Malawi Pound (MWP) 1964 1971 7  
Qatar-Dubai Riyal (XQDR) 1966 1973 7  
Peseta Guineana (GQP) 1968 1975 7  
Viet Nam New Dong (VNN) 1978 1985 7  
Equatorial Guinea Franco (GQF) 1985 1992 7  
Argentina Austral (ARA) 1985 1992 7 Yes
Russian Federation Ruble (RUR) 1991 1998 7 Yes
Belarus New Ruble (BYB) 1994 2001 7 Yes
Massachusetts Shilling Middle Tenor (CMAM) 1741 1749 8  
Massachusetts Shilling New Tenor (CMAN) 1741 1749 8  
New Hampshire Lawful Shilling (CNHL) 1755 1763 8  
Chinese Paper Tael (CNTP) 1853 1861 8  
Montenegro Perper (MEP) 1910 1918 8  
Kiau Chau Dollar (JPY) 1914 1922 8  
Germany Darlenskasse Ost Mark (DEOM) 1914 1922 8  
Ottoman Empire Paper Lira (XOTL) 1914 1922 8  
Polish Marka (PLM) 1916 1924 8  
German Kreditsperrmark (DERK) 1931 1939 8 Yes
German Effektensperrmark (DERE) 1931 1939 8 Yes
Czechoslovak New Koruna (CSC) 1945 1953 8  
Irian Barat Rupiah (IDIR) 1963 1971 8  
Connecticut Dollar (CCTD) 1783 1792 9  
Delaware Dollar (CDED) 1783 1792 9  
Georgia Dollar (CGAD) 1783 1792 9  
Maryland Dollar (CMDD) 1783 1792 9  
Massachusetts Dollar (CMAD) 1783 1792 9  
New Hampshire Dollar (CNHD) 1783 1792 9  
New Jersey Dollar (CNJD) 1783 1792 9  
New York Dollar (CNYD) 1783 1792 9  
North Carolina Dollar (CNCD) 1783 1792 9  
Pennsylvania Dollar (CPAD) 1783 1792 9  
Rhode Island Dollar (CRHD) 1783 1792 9  
South Carolina Dollar (CSCD) 1783 1792 9  
Virginia Dollar (CVAD) 1783 1792 9  
Fiji Old Dollar (FJO) 1865 1874 9  
Peking/Tientsin/Northern China/FRB Yuan (CNPP) 1935 1944 9  
Meng Chiang (Bank of Inner Mongolia) Yuan (CNPM) 1936 1945 9  
Sinkiang Yuan (CNSY) 1939 1948 9 Yes
German Registermark (XRDERM/DERR) 1939 1948 9 Yes
German Handelsperrmark (DERH) 1939 1948 9 Yes
German Reichskreditkassenschein (XDEK) 1939 1948 9 Yes
South Korean Hwan (KRH) 1953 1962 9  
Rhodesia and Nyasaland Federation Pound (RHFP) 1956 1965 9  
Liberian Liberty Dollars (LRDL) 1991 2000 9  
Texas Dollar (TXSD) 1836 1846 10  
Austro-Hungarian Monetary Union Gulden (XATG) 1857 1867 10  
Moldova Ducat (MDD) 1857 1867 10  
Colombia Peso (COP) 1905 1915 10 Yes
British Military Authority Lira (LYB) 1941 1951 10 Yes
Greek New Drachma (GRN) 1944 1954 10 Yes
India Haj Pilgrimage Rupee (XINP) 1950 1960 10  
Somali Somalo (SOIS) 1950 1960 10  
Bulgarian Socialist Lev (BGM) 1952 1962 10  
French Affars and Issas Franc (AIF) 1967 1977 10  
Rhodesian Dollar (RHD/ZWC) 1970 1980 10  
Angola Kwanza Novo (AON) 1990 2000 10 Yes
Angola Escudo Portuguese (AOE) 1914 1925 11  
Saar Franc (SAAF) 1919 1930 11  
Spanish Republican Peseta (ESPR) 1931 1942 11  
Persian Gulf Rupee (XPGR) 1959 1970 11  
Reunion Nouveau Franc (REN) 1963 1974 11  
Ekuele (Epkwele) Guineana (GQE) 1975 1986 11  
Liberian JJ Dollars (LRDJ) 1989 2000 11  
German Behelfszahlungsmittel fuer die Deutsche Wehrmacht (XDEB) 1936 1948 12 Yes
North Korea People’s Won (KPP) 1947 1959 12 Yes
Albanian Lek Foreign Exchange Certificates (ALX) 1953 1965 12  
Saint Pierre CFA Nouveau Franc (XCF) 1960 1972 12  
Ghana Revalued Cedi (GHR) 1967 1979 12  
New Hampshire Colonial Shilling (CNHC) 1763 1776 13  
Rhode Island Colonial Shilling (CRHC) 1763 1776 13  
Ecuador Peso (ECP) 1871 1884 13  
Soviet Chervonetz (SUC) 1922 1935 13  
Manchukuo Yuan (CNMY) 1932 1945 13  
Netherlands New Guinea Guilder (NNGG) 1950 1963 13  
Argentina Peso Ley 18.188 (ARL) 1970 1983 13  
Iraqi “Swiss print” Kurdistan Dinar (IQDS) 1991 2004 13  
South German Vereinsgulden (XDSG) 1857 1871 14  
Venezuela Venezolano (VEV) 1873 1887 14  
Soviet New Ruble (SUM) 1947 1961 14  
Guinea Franc (GNI) 1958 1972 14  
Nigerian Pound (NGP) 1959 1973 14  
Somali Scellino (SOS) 1960 1974 14  
Guinea Syli (GNS/GNE) 1972 1986 14  
Angola Kwanza (AOK) 1977 1991 14  
Connecticut Shilling New Tenor (CCTN) 1740 1755 15  
Argentina Peso Fuerte (ARF) 1860 1875 15  
Colombian Gold Peso (COG) 1871 1886 15  
Crete Drachma (GKD) 1898 1913 15  
East Africa Rupee (XEAR) 1905 1920 15  
Burmese Rupee (BUR) 1937 1952 15  
French Antilles Franc (XNF) 1960 1975 15  
Chilean Escudo (CLE) 1960 1975 15 Yes
Sudanese Dinar (SDD) 1992 2007 15 Yes
US Paper Dollar (USP) 1862 1878 16  
Bulgarian Lev Srebro (BGS) 1904 1920 16  
Italian Somaliland Rupiah (SOIR) 1909 1925 16  
Saudi Arabian Riyal (SAA) 1916 1932 16  
Danzig Gulden (DZGG) 1923 1939 16  
German Rentenmark (DEN) 1923 1939 16  
Estonia Kroon (EEN) 1924 1940 16  
Saudi Sovereign Riyal (SAS) 1936 1952 16  
Southern Rhodesian Currency Board Pound (RHSP) 1940 1956 16  
Saint Pierre CFA Franc (XCFG) 1943 1959 16 Yes
Indonesia New Rupiah (IDN) 1949 1965 16 Yes
British Caribbean Territories (Eastern Group) Dollar (XBCD) 1951 1967 16  
Timor Escudo (TPE) 1959 1975 16  
US Continental Dollar (USC) 1775 1792 17 Yes
Spanish Real/Peso Duro (ESR) 1847 1864 17  
Puerto Rican Peso (PRS) 1881 1898 17  
Kiau Chau Dollar (KCHD) 1897 1914 17  
Shanghai Dollar (CNDA) 1914 1931 17  
Peking Dollar (CNDB) 1914 1931 17  
Hankow Dollar (CNDH) 1914 1931 17  
Kansu Dollar (CNDK) 1914 1931 17  
Kwangtung Dollar (CNDG) 1914 1931 17  
Manchurian Dollar (CNDM) 1914 1931 17  
Heilungkiang Tiao (CNHT) 1914 1931 17  
Kirin Tiao (CNKT) 1914 1931 17  
Shantung Dollar (CNDS) 1914 1931 17  
Szechwan Dollar (CNDZ) 1914 1931 17  
Chinese Soviet Yuan (CNSD) 1931 1948 17  
Italian States Franco (XITF) 1798 1816 18  
Riksdaler Riksmynt (SEM) 1855 1873 18  
Latvia Lat (LVA) 1922 1940 18  
Lithuanian Lita (LTB) 1922 1940 18  
Italian Lira (XITL) 1925 1943 18  
Chinese Custom Gold Units (CNU) 1930 1948 18  
Djibouti Franc (DJA ) 1949 1967 18  
Angolan Escudo (AOS) 1958 1976 18 Yes
Uruguay Peso Nuevo (UYP/UYN) 1975 1993 18 Yes
South German Gulden (XDEG) 1838 1857 19  
North German Thaler (XDET) 1838 1857 19  
Albanian Lek (ALK) 1946 1965 19  
North Viet Nam New Dong (VDN/VNC) 1959 1978 19  
Brazil Cruzeiro Novo (BRB) 1967 1986 19 Yes
Congo CFA Franc (COF) 1973 1992 19  
Gabon CFA Franc (GAF) 1973 1992 19  
Chinese US Dollar Foreign Exchange Certificates (CNX) 1979 1998 19  
Czechoslovak Pre-War Koruna (CSO) 1919 1939 20  
Belgian Belga (BEB) 1925 1945 20  
Madagascar Franc (MGG) 1925 1945 20  
Libyan Pound (LYP) 1951 1971 20  
Cambodia Old Riel (KHO) 1955 1975 20  
South Viet Nam Republic Dong (VNR) 1955 1975 20 Yes
Bulgarian Lev Foreign Exchange Certificates (BGX) 1966 1986 20  
Luxembourg Convertible Franc (LUC) 1970 1990 20  
Guinea-Bissau Peso (GWP) 1976 1996 20  
New Hampshire Shilling New Tenor (CNHN) 1742 1763 21  
Connecticut Colonial Shilling (CCTC) 1755 1776 21  
Russian Gold Ruble (RUER) 1897 1918 21  
Albania Franga (ALF) 1925 1946 21  
Hungarian Pengoe (HUP) 1925 1946 21 Yes
Laos Old Kip (LAO) 1955 1976 21  
Ghana Pound (GHP) 1958 1979 21  
Uganda Shilling (UGS/UGW) 1966 1987 21 Yes
Mali Franc (MLF/MAF) 1962 1984 22  
Zairean Zaire (ZRZ) 1971 1993 22 Yes
Luxembourg Thaler (LUT) 1848 1871 23  
Yugoslav Serbian Dinar (YUS) 1918 1941 23  
Mozambique Libra Esterlina (MZL) 1919 1942 23  
Tanu Tuva Aksha (TVAA) 1921 1944 23  
Soviet Gold Ruble (SUG) 1924 1947 23  
Palestine Pound (PSP) 1927 1950 23  
Bolivian Peso (BOP) 1963 1986 23 Yes
Brazil Mil Reis (BRM) 1822 1846 24 Yes
Central American Escudo (XCAE) 1823 1847 24  
Sinkiang Tael (CNST) 1912 1936 24  
Yunnan Yuan (CNYY) 1912 1936 24  
Austria Old Schilling (ATO) 1923 1947 24  
German Reichsmark (DER) 1924 1948 24 Yes
Yugoslav Hard Dinar (YUD) 1966 1990 24 Yes
Paper Riksdaler Banco (SEO) 1830 1855 25  
Austro-Hungarian Gulden (ATG) 1867 1892 25  
Colombia Paper Peso (COB) 1880 1905 25 Yes
Malaya Dollar (MYAD) 1938 1963 25  
South Yemeni Dinar (YDD) 1965 1990 25  
Austro-Hungarian Kronen (ATK) 1892 1918 26 Yes
Massachusetts Colonial Shilling (CMAC) 1749 1776 27  
German East African Rupie (DOAR) 1890 1917 27  
Maryland Colonial New Shilling (CMDN) 1748 1776 28  
North Carolina Shilling New Tenor (CNCN) 1748 1776 28  
South Carolina Colonial Shilling (CSCC) 1748 1776 28  
Zanzibar Rupee (ZZR) 1908 1936 28  
Lebanon-Syria Pound (XLSP) 1920 1948 28  
New Jersey Colonial Shilling (CNJC) 1746 1776 30  
Haiti Silver Gourde (HTS) 1814 1844 30  
British West Indies Dollar (XBWD) 1935 1965 30  
Madagascar and Comores CFA Franc (XMCF) 1945 1975 30  
Polish US Dollar Foreign Exchange Certificates (PLX) 1960 1990 30  
Soviet Hard Ruble (SUR) 1961 1991 30  
Rhode Island Proclamation Shilling (CRHP) 1709 1740 31  
Rhode Island Shilling New Tenor (CRHN) 1740 1771 31  
Guyana British West Indies Dollar (XBWD) 1935 1966 31  
Ethiopian Dollar (ETD) 1945 1976 31  
French Indochina Piastre of Commerce (ICFC) 1863 1895 32  
Cameroon Mark (CMDM) 1884 1916 32  
Angola Angolar (AOA) 1926 1958 32  
Israel Pound (ILP) 1948 1980 32  
COMECON Transferable Ruble (XTR) 1960 1992 32  
Tunisian Franc (TNF) 1858 1891 33 Yes
Colombia Peso Oro (COE) 1837 1871 34  
Mozambique Mil Reis (MZR) 1877 1911 34  
Maldive Islands Rupee (MVP/MVQ) 1947 1981 34  
Somalia Shilling (SOS) 1960 1994 34 Yes
Korea Yen (KROY) 1910 1945 35  
New Hebrides CFP Franc (NHF) 1945 1981 36  
North Korea Foreign Won (KPX) 1959 1995 36  
Dutch Gulden (BRG) 1624 1661 37  
Burmese Kyat (BUK) 1952 1989 37  
Bulgarian Heavy Lev (BGL/BGK) 1962 1999 37 Yes
Haiti Piastre Gourde (HTT) 1776 1814 38  
Union Latine Franc (XULF) 1889 1927 38  
Union Latine Lira (XULL) 1889 1927 38  
Ethiopian Silver Talari (ETT) 1893 1931 38  
Netherlands Indies Gumpyo Gulden (NIDJ) 1905 1943 38  
Djibouti Franc Germinal (DJG) 1907 1945 38  
North Carolina Proclamation Shilling (CNCP) 1709 1748 39  
Rial Hassani (MAH) 1881 1920 39  
Tibet Silver Rupee (TBR) 1912 1951 39  
Finland New Markka (FIM) 1963 2002 39  
Paraguay Paper Peso (PYP) 1903 1943 40 Yes
Czechoslovak Hard Koruna (CSK) 1953 1993 40  
French Franc (FRF) 1962 2002 40  
Georgia Colonial Shilling (CGAC) 1735 1776 41  
Philippine Peso Fuerte (PHF) 1857 1898 41  
Ottoman Empire Gold Lira (XOTG) 1881 1922 41  
South African Pound (ZAP) 1920 1961 41  
Sudanese Pound (SDP) 1957 1998 41  
Malagasy Franc (MGF) 1963 2004 41  
Maryland Proclamation Shilling (CMDP) 1709 1751 42  
Italian States Ducat (XITD) 1818 1860 42  
Peru Peso (PEP) 1821 1863 42  
DDR Ostmark (DDM) 1948 1990 42  
East Caribbean Dollar (XCD) 1965 2008 43  
Sao Tome and Principe Mil Reis (STM) 1869 1913 44  
Bulgarian Lev Zlato (BGZ) 1880 1924 44  
Tangier Franco (MATF) 1912 1956 44  
Polish Heavy Zloty (PLZ) 1950 1994 44 Yes
South Carolina Proclamation Shilling (CSCP) 1703 1748 45  
Massachusetts Old Tenor Proclamation Shilling (CMAP) 1704 1749 45  
Cape Verde Mil Reis (CVM) 1869 1914 45 Yes
Serbian Dinar (SRBD) 1873 1918 45  
Finland Markka (FIN) 1917 1962 45 Yes
Tonga Pound Sterling (TOS) 1921 1966 45  
Brazil Cruzeiro (BRZ) 1942 1987 45 Yes
Connecticut Shilling Old Tenor (CCTO) 1709 1755 46  
Argentina National Peso (XARP) 1816 1862 46 Yes
Hawaii Dollar (HWD) 1847 1893 46  
Afghanistan Kabuli Rupee (AFR) 1881 1927 46  
French West African Franc (XAOF) 1895 1941 46  
East Africa Shilling (XEAS) 1921 1967 46  
Haiti Paper Gourde (HTP) 1826 1873 47  
Luxembourg Mark (LUM) 1871 1918 47  
New Caledonia CFP Franc (NCF) 1945 1992 47  
Costa Rican Peso (CRP) 1848 1896 48  
South Korean Old Won (KRO) 1905 1953 48 Yes
Greek Drachma (GRD) 1954 2002 48  
North German Vereinsthaler (XDNT) 1857 1907 50  
Yugoslav Federation Dinar (YUF) 1945 1995 50 Yes
Chinese Silver Yin Yuan (CNS) 1949 2000 51  
Paraguay Peso Fuerte (PYF) 1871 1923 52  
Scandinavian Monetary Union Krona (XSMK) 1872 1924 52  
Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTO) 1899 1951 52  
Fiji Pound (FJP) 1917 1969 52  
Delaware Colonial Shilling (CDEC) 1723 1776 53  
Italian States Lira Austriaca (XITA) 1813 1866 53  
German Mark (DEP) 1871 1924 53 Yes
British West Africa Pound 1913 1966 53  
Western Samoa Pound (WSP) 1914 1967 53  
New Hampshire Old Tenor Proclamation Shilling (CNHP) 1709 1763 54 Yes
Riksdaler Specie (SES) 1776 1830 54  
Paper Riksdaler (SER) 1776 1830 54  
Argentina Gold Peso (ARG) 1875 1929 54  
Taiwan Yen (TWY) 1895 1949 54  
Maltese Pound (MTP) 1914 1968 54  
German Deutsche Mark (DEM) 1948 2002 54  
Austria (New) Schilling (ATS) 1947 2002 55  
Italian States Scudo (XITS) 1814 1870 56  
Bermuda Pound (BMP) 1914 1970 56  
Paraguay National Peso (PYN) 1813 1870 57  
French Oceania (Tahiti) Franc (PFG) 1888 1945 57  
Australian Pound (AUP) 1909 1966 57  
Montenegro Krone (MEK) 1852 1910 58  
Chinese Dollar/Yuan (Chungking/Shanghai Yuan) (CND) 1890 1948 58  
Mozambique Escudo (MZE) 1922 1980 58  
Union Latine Drachma (XULD) 1868 1927 59  
Union Latine Peseta (XULP) 1868 1927 59  
Danish Rigsbankdaler (DKR) 1813 1873 60  
Greenland Riksbankdaler (GLR) 1813 1873 60  
New Zealand Pound (NZP) 1907 1967 60  
Dominican Republic Silver Peso (DOS) 1844 1905 61  
British North Borneo Dollar (BNBD) 1885 1946 61  
Massachusetts Bay Shilling (CMAB) 1642 1704 62  
Union Latine Franc (XULF) 1865 1927 62  
Union Latine Franc (XULF) 1865 1927 62  
Union Latine Franc (XULF) 1865 1927 62  
Union Latine Lira (XULL) 1865 1927 62  
Portuguese Guinea Escudo (GWE) 1914 1976 62  
Iceland Old Krone (ISJ) 1918 1980 62 Yes
Timor Pataca (TPP) 1895 1958 63  
Sao Tome and Principe Escudo (STE) 1914 1977 63  
Andorra Pesseta (ADP) 1936 1999 63  
Suriname Guilder (SRG) 1940 2003 63 Yes
New Jersey Proclamation Shilling (CNJP) 1682 1746 64  
Jamaica Pound (JMP) 1905 1969 64  
Danish West Indies Rigsdaler (DWIR) 1784 1849 65  
Nicaragua Silver Peso (NIP) 1847 1912 65  
Mauritius Dollar (MUD) 1810 1876 66  
New York Proclamation Shilling (CNYP) 1709 1776 67  
Pennsylvania Proclamation Dollar (CPAP) 1709 1776 67  
Virginia Proclamation Shilling (CVAP) 1709 1776 67  
New Caledonia Franc Germinal (NCG) 1874 1941 67  
Danish West Indies Dalare (DWID) 1849 1917 68  
Luxembourg Gulden (LUG) 1848 1918 70  
Argentina Paper Peso Moneda National (ARM) 1899 1970 71 Yes
Portuguese Account Conto (PTC) 1931 2002 71  
El Salvador Peso (SVP) 1847 1919 72  
Bulgarian Lev (BGO) 1879 1952 73 Yes
Vatican City Lira (VAL) 1929 2002 73  
Russian Assignatzia (RUEA) 1768 1843 75  
Russian Silver Ruble (RUES) 1839 1914 75  
Russian Paper Ruble (RUEP) 1843 1918 75  
Belgian Congo Franc (CBEF) 1885 1960 75  
Afghanistan Afghani (AFA) 1927 2002 75 Yes
Madeira Islands Milreis (IPM) 1834 1910 76  
Portuguese Mil Reis (PTM) 1835 1911 76  
Nicaragua Gold Cordoba (NIG) 1912 1988 76 Yes
Ceylon Rupee (LNR) 1872 1949 77  
Guatemala Peso (GTP) 1847 1925 78  
Portuguese India Rupia (INPR) 1881 1959 78  
Moroccan Franc (MAF) 1881 1959 78 Yes
Colombia Peso Oro (COP) 1915 1993 78 Yes
Honduras Peso (HNP) 1847 1926 79  
Romania Silver Leu (ROS) 1867 1947 80 Yes
British Honduras Dollar (BZH) 1894 1974 80  
Irish Pound (IEP) 1922 2002 80  
Sarawak Dollar (SWKD) 1863 1946 83  
Turkish Lira (TRL) 1922 2005 83 Yes
German States Convention Thaler (XDCT) 1753 1838 85  
Straits Settlements Dollar (STSD) 1857 1946 89  
Portuguese Escudo (PTE) 1911 2002 91  
Pound Sterling (CAP ) 1766 1858 92  
Reunion Franc Germinal (REG) 1851 1944 93  
Hyderabad Sicca Rupee (INRH) 1858 1951 93  
French Indochina Piastre (ICFP) 1862 1955 93  
Newfoundland Dollar (NFLD) 1858 1952 94  
Greenland Krone (GLK) 1873 1967 94  
Polish Zloty (XPLZ) 1700 1795 95  
Taiwan Tael/Dollar (TWT) 1800 1895 95  
Portuguese Guinea Mil Reis (GWM) 1879 1974 95  
Bahamas Pound (BSP) 1869 1966 97  
Russian Empire Paper Ruble (RUEP) 1818 1917 99  
Bolivia Boliviano (BOL) 1863 1962 99 Yes
Danish Rigsdaler Courant (DKC) 1713 1813 100  
Austro-Hungarian Convention Gulden (XATC) 1753 1857 104  
East India Rix Dollar (XEIR) 1800 1905 105  
Manx Pound (IMP) 1865 1971 106  
Iranian Kran (IRK) 1825 1932 107  
Franc Guiana (GUF) 1851 1959 108  
Guadeloupe Franc (GPF) 1851 1959 108  
Martinique Franc (MQF) 1851 1959 108  
Algerian Franc Germinal (DZG) 1851 1959 108 Yes
Chilean Peso/Condor (CLC) 1851 1959 108 Yes
Daler Silvermynt (SED) 1665 1776 111  
Greek Silver Drachma (GRS) 1833 1944 111 Yes
Uruguay Peso Fuerte (UYF) 1862 1975 113 Yes
Paper Daler (SEP) 1661 1776 115  
Ecuador Sucre (ECS) 1884 2000 116  
Luxembourg Financial Franc (LUL) 1870 1991 121  
Monaco Franc Germinal (MCG) 1837 1959 122  
Peru Sol (PES/PEH) 1863 1985 122 Yes
Silver Piastre/Peso (XESE) 1700 1823 123  
Brazil Reis (BRD) 1694 1822 128 Yes
Thailand Silver Tical (THT) 1800 1928 128  
Netherlands East Indies Guilder (IDDG) 1817 1945 128  
Jersey Pound Sterling (JEP) 1840 1971 131  
Spanish Peseta (ESP) 1868 2002 134  
Italian States Scudo Romano (XITS) 1700 1835 135  
Colonial Shilling (XCCS) 1640 1776 136  
San Marino Lira (SML) 1865 2001 136  
Venezuela Bolivar (VEB) 1871 2008 137 Yes
East India Company Dollar (XEID) 1719 1858 139  
Austrian Paper Gulden (ATP) 1753 1892 139  
Italian Lira (ITL) 1862 2002 140  
Newfoundland Pound (NFLP) 1713 1858 145  
Bukhara Tenga (BKHT) 1768 1920 152  
Portuguese Reis (PRT) 1505 1658 153  
Luxembourg Franc (LUF) 1848 2002 154  
French Franc Germinal/Franc Poincare (FRG) 1803 1959 156 Yes
Azores Milreis (APM) 1750 1911 161  
Ceylon Rijksdaalder (Rix Dollar) (XNLR) 1658 1821 163  
French Colonial Livre (XFCL) 1654 1820 166  
Mexico Silver Peso (MXP) 1822 1992 170 Yes
Belgian Franc (BEF) 1831 2002 171  
Tibet Tangka (TBT) 1735 1912 177  
Poland Florin Zloty (PLF) 1614 1795 181  
Portuguese Reis (PTR) 1722 1911 189 Yes
Netherlands Guilder (NLG) 1813 2002 189  
Danish Gold Krone of Account (DKG) 1513 1713 200  
French India Roupie (INFR) 1736 1954 218  
Scotland Pound (SSP) 1707 1971 264  
Northern Irish Pound (IBP) 1694 1971 277  
Korea Won (KROW) 1625 1910 285  
Italian States Testone (XITT) 1500 1814 314  
Iranian Toman (IRT) 1600 1932 332  
Mexican Trade Silver Dollar (XMSD) 1600 1935 335  
Chinese Silver Tael (CNT) 1600 1935 335 Yes
Hamburg Schilling (HAMS) 1510 1871 361  
Ottoman Empire Piastre (XOTP) 1463 1881 418  
Italian States Lira (XITL) 1284 1862 578  
French Livre Tournois (FRT) 1204 1795 591 Yes

The status of the 786 paper currencies listed in this article is shown below.

Status of Paper Currencies

Be Sociable, Share!

Bad Behavior has blocked 1279 access attempts in the last 7 days.